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Sundries
...a sweatshop of moxie

Thursday, September 29, 2005

Hispanic-Friendly Universities

The University of Miami's homepage proudly touted the fact that they ranked very high in Hispanic Business magazine's Ten Best Schools for Hispanics, at least in certain academic departments.

Now, this may come as no shock to those who believe that the University of Miami is overwhelmingly Hispanic, but the truth is far different.

Few people can afford the over $29,000 pricetag for two semester's worth of undergraduate study, which is comparable to Harvard University prices.

(It should be noted that when ex-President Tad Foote II, son-in-law of Senator Fulbright of Arkansas, signed on to be president back in the early 1980's, he wanted to turn U of M not just into an Ivy League school, but the Oxford of the South -- thus belying the well-earned reputation of Suntan U, a project most deemed almost impossible due to the proximity of Miami Beach and its enticements even then)

The reason, however, has always been more towards social attitudes than those of economy, since Cuban-Americans are by far the most successful Hispanic immigrant group to date in the US.

In their community, they have quite a large swath of middle-class to upper-middle class professionals who could afford to send their children to the leafy main campus in Coral Gables.

But U of M had a WASPy reputation as the last bastion of "Anglo" America here in South Florida.

Note, the term Anglo-American refers merely to the language and domninant cultural of a person, not that he is of British descent -- as I had erroneously supposed when a Hungarian-American professor of mine said he was "Anglo" and I queried why.

This is also true of Hispanic-Americans in the context that they speak Spanish as a first or second-language, but they themselves could be Italian-Argentines, e.g.

These are also the kinds of Hispanics less inclined to associate themselves with Mexican-American associations like La Raza, which is also true of Cuban-Americans.

And the term Hispanic is often used interchangeably with Latino, which is incorrect, as Latino could technically include French or Portuguese Latin Americans, but it never does.

One last point has to be that racial or ethnic terms are self-referential, and there is no way to verify if a person is indeed, Hispanic or not.

They could be of Hispanic origin by virtue of a grandmother, but if they consider themselves that -- or indeed, any census ethnic category --, that's enough for many organisations to list them as such.

Returning to the story of the University of Miami proper, even when Cuban-Americans (the majority of whom call themselves not Hispanic, but white or Cuban) entered, they did so as a subset community, not unwelcome, but not greeted with open arms either.

In the 1990's, those social barriers began to fall, as more and more moneyed Latin Americans arrived in the area.

These included Venezuelans, Peruvians, and Colombians -- some of whom came as exchange students, but many of whom were diaspora emigrants in turn, due to the political changes in their respective countries, such as those fleeing Hugo Chavez' regime, or were Cindero Luminoso or FARC victims.

Few people are aware these recent emigrés many of them Jewish, too. For whatever reason that cultural layer to the Hispanic mantle has rarely been mentioned in these studies.

Nevertheless, these greater and more diverse numbers of Hispanics have therefore allowed UM to take its place amongst the truly international campuses around the US.

Top 10 Medical Schools for Hispanics

1. Stanford University

Total graduate enrollment 463
Hispanic graduate enrollment 68
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 15%
Total M.D. degrees earned 90
M.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 12
Percent of M.D. degrees earned 13% by Hispanics

2. Johns Hopkins University

Total graduate enrollment 476
Hispanic graduate enrollment 13
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 3%
Total M.D. degrees earned 115
M.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 1
Percent of M.D. degrees earned – by Hispanics

3. University of New Mexico

Total graduate enrollment 302
Hispanic graduate enrollment 77
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 25%
Total M.D. degrees earned 71
M.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 19
Percent of M.D. degrees earned 27% by Hispanics

4. Texas A&M University Health Science Center

Total graduate enrollment 289
Hispanic graduate enrollment 30
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 10%
Total M.D. degrees earned 61
M.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 1
Percent of M.D. degrees earned 2% by Hispanics

5. University of North Texas Health Science Center

Total graduate enrollment 501
Hispanic graduate enrollment 35
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 7%
Total D.O.* degrees earned 115
D.O. degrees earned by Hispanics 9
Percent of D.O. degrees earned 8% by Hispanics

6. University of Kansas

Total graduate enrollment 719
Hispanic graduate enrollment 30
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 4%
Total M.D. degrees earned 156
M.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 7
Percent of M.D. degrees earned 4% by Hispanics

7. University of Arizona

Total graduate enrollment 438
Hispanic graduate enrollment 46
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 11%
Total M.D. degrees earned 105
M.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 11
Percent of M.D. degrees earned 10% by Hispanics

8. East Carolina University

Total graduate enrollment 308
Hispanic graduate enrollment 8
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 3%
Total M.D. degrees earned 81
M.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 3
Percent of M.D. degrees earned 4% by Hispanics

9. Edward Via Virginia

Total graduate enrollment 304
Hispanic graduate enrollment 9
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 3%
Total D.O.* degrees earned N/A
D.O. degrees earned by Hispanics N/A
Percent of D.O. degrees earned N/A by Hispanics

10. Ohio State University

Total graduate enrollment 849
Hispanic graduate enrollment 20
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 3%
Total M.D. degrees earned 197
M.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 3
Percent of M.D. degrees earned 2% by Hispanics

Top 10 Law Schools for Hispanics

1. University of Miami

Total graduate enrollment 1,186
Hispanic graduate enrollment 178
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 15%
Total J.D. degrees earned 356
J.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 48
Percent of J.D. degrees earned 13% by Hispanics

2. University of Texas at Austin

Total graduate enrollment 1,484
Hispanic graduate enrollment 221
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 15%
Total J.D. degrees earned 544
J.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 53
Percent of J.D. degrees earned 10% by Hispanics

3. Stanford University

Total graduate enrollment 546
Hispanic graduate enrollment 67
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 12%
Total J.D. degrees earned 177
J.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 24
Percent of J.D. degrees earned 14% by Hispanics

4. University of Arizona

Total graduate enrollment 464
Hispanic graduate enrollment 54
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 12%
Total J.D. degrees earned 159
J.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 22
Percent of J.D. degrees earned 14% by Hispanics

5. University of Southern California

Total graduate enrollment 630
Hispanic graduate enrollment 71
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 11%
Total J.D. degrees earned 217
J.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 25
Percent of J.D. degrees earned 12% by Hispanics

6. University of Florida

Total graduate enrollment 1,153
Hispanic graduate enrollment 112
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 10%
Total J.D. degrees earned 408
J.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 48
Percent of J.D. degrees earned 12% by Hispanics

7. University of Connecticut

Total graduate enrollment 743
Hispanic graduate enrollment 62
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 8%
Total J.D. degrees earned 172
J.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 3
Percent of J.D. degrees earned 2% by Hispanics

8. Southwestern University

Total graduate enrollment 967
Hispanic graduate enrollment 100
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 10%
Total J.D. degrees earned 248
J.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 34
Percent of J.D. degrees earned 14% by Hispanics

9. University of California, Los Angeles

Total graduate enrollment 943
Hispanic graduate enrollment 74
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 8%
Total J.D. degrees earned 328
J.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 27
Percent of J.D. degrees earned 8% by Hispanics

10. Florida State University

Total graduate enrollment 748
Hispanic graduate enrollment 66
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 9%
Total J.D. degrees earned 205
J.D. degrees earned by Hispanics 23
Percent of J.D. degrees earned 11% by Hispanics

Top 10 Engineering Programmes for Hispanics

1. University of Texas at El Paso

Total engineering school enrollment 244
Hispanic engineering school enrollment 67
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 27.5%
Total postgraduate degrees earned 153
Postgraduate degrees earned 36 by Hispanics
Percent of postgraduate degrees 23.5% earned by Hispanics

2. Georgia Institute of Technology

Total engineering school enrollment 3,230
Hispanic engineering school enrollment 156
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 4.8%
Total postgraduate degrees earned 1,091
Postgraduate degrees earned 45 by Hispanics
Percent of postgraduate degrees 4.1% earned by Hispanics

3. University of Central Florida

Total engineering school enrollment 1,110
Hispanic engineering school enrollment 81
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 7.3%
Total postgraduate degrees earned 332
Postgraduate degrees earned 18 by Hispanics
Percent of postgraduate degrees 5.4% earned by Hispanics

4. San Diego State University

Total engineering school enrollment 2,046
Hispanic engineering school enrollment 363
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 17.7%
Total postgraduate degrees earned 69
Postgraduate degrees earned 1 by Hispanics
Percent of postgraduate degrees 1.4% earned by Hispanics

5. Michigan State University

Total engineering school enrollment 550
Hispanic engineering school enrollment 15
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 2.7%
Total postgraduate degrees earned 204
Postgraduate degrees earned 5
by Hispanics Percent of postgraduate degrees 2.5% earned by Hispanics

6. Rice University

Total engineering school enrollment 1,277
Hispanic engineering school enrollment 105
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 8.2%
Total postgraduate degrees earned 127
Postgraduate degrees earned 4 by Hispanics
Percent of postgraduate degrees 3.1% earned by Hispanics

7. University of Texas at Austin

Total engineering school enrollment 1,582
Hispanic engineering school enrollment 49
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 3.1%
Total postgraduate degrees earned 664
Postgraduate degrees earned 27 by Hispanics
Percent of postgraduate degrees 4.1% earned by Hispanics

8. West Virginia University

Total engineering school enrollment 850
Hispanic engineering school enrollment 27
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 3.2%
Total postgraduate degrees earned 104
Postgraduate degrees earned 2 by Hispanics
Percent of postgraduate degrees 1.9% earned by Hispanics

9. Iowa State University

Total engineering school enrollment 903
Hispanic engineering school enrollment 11
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 1.2%
Total postgraduate degrees earned 414
Postgraduate degrees earned 2 by Hispanics
Percent of postgraduate degrees 0.5% earned by Hispanics

10. University of California, Irvine

Total engineering school enrollment 677
Hispanic engineering school enrollment 27
Percent Hispanic graduate enrollment 4.0%
Total postgraduate degrees earned 212
Postgraduate degrees earned 2 by Hispanics
Percent of postgraduate degrees 1.0% earned by Hispanics

As one can see by the numbers, they can be miniscule, but certainly it shows the attention given to the second largest ethnic population in the US today.

It will be interesting, as time goes by, to see if these categories are reduced, not in terms of actual population, but in terms of people who may integrate themselves within the larger American society.

Will there be more ethnicities listed in the US in the near future, or less?

My guess is that there will be more, simply because of this increase in marriages within ethnicities, thus increasing the category "range".

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